He will present a character from the nineteenth century named Julian West, and his representative of the twentieth century will be Doctor Leete.
Major Theme The major theme of Looking Backward is the application of rationality to economic and social problems. It means that people are basically good and generous. If rationality is used to create a society that reflects that goodness and generosity, then society will look like the one Bellamy envisions.
Minor Theme Part of the same statement quoted above gives one the minor theme of the novel. The idea of solidarity--people acting in concert for their mutual benefit instead of competing against each other as individuals--is the basic assumption upon which Bellamy builds his utopia.
MOOD The mood of the novel is that of a rational discussion, although at certain points, the author indulges in sentimentality, as he attempts to make the intellectual aspects of the novel palatable with touches of romance.
There is also a mood of confusion and unease as Julian West adjusts to his new world. His grandfather and father were ministers in the Calvinist tradition. Both men eventually lost or resigned their positions, due to ideas which ran counter to the doctrine of the church.
Bellamy himself later left the church because he saw it doing nothing for the present social and economic ills while spending all its energy imagining a better life in the afterlife. He studied law and was admitted to the bar inbut he soon gave up this pursuit to practice journalism.
While working as a journalist, he wrote short fiction and novels. His fiction includes Dr. After he married Emma Sanderson inhe gave up his journalism to devote himself exclusively to writing fiction.
At the publication in of Looking Backward, he became famous. Edward Bellamy was in great demand as a lecturer and speaker.
He returned to the newspaper business in when he founded the New Nation in Boston. However, his ill health kept him from carrying on with this effort.
He wrote a sequel to his famous novel Looking Backward called Equality in He died of tuberculosis at the age of forty-eight. However, the concept of the creation of a perfect life on earth goes much further back in time. The often quoted Old Testament Scripture from the prophet Micah reads as follows:The main point of this book is that capitalism, and the inequality that it brings, is unjust and that a just society would do away with it.
When Julian West wakes up in they year , he. Looking Backward: – is a utopian science fiction novel by Edward Bellamy, a journalist and writer from Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts; it was first published in It was the third-largest bestseller of its time, after Uncle Tom's Cabin and Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ.
It influenced a large number of intellectuals, and appears by title in many . Edward Bellamy (March 26, – May 22, ) was an American author and socialist, most famous for his utopian novel, Looking Backward, a tale set in the distant future of the year Bellamy's vision of a harmonious future world inspired the formation of at least " Nationalist Clubs " dedicated to the propagation of Bellamy's.
Although he published four novels and several essays in his lifetime, he is remembered most for his work Looking Backward, and it was this novel which influenced the formation of the Nationalist political movement and several accompanying utopian living experiments during the `s.
Study Guide for Looking Backward Looking Backward study guide contains a biography of Edward Bellamy, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
INTRODUCTION Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy is a novel that takes the reader from the end of the 19th century into an idealistic vision of the 21st century. In many ways Looking Backward is a 19th century romantic novel; yet, on another level the novel is a complex investigation of the possibilities of humanity as the conversations unfold between Julian West, the narrator and time traveler.