Bill of Rights Summary written by: This summary contains the original language followed by an explanation in modern language. Learn why this old document is so important. The 1st Amendment This is just a study aide.
Rights is the first ten Amendments in the United States Constitution. Adopted inthe original Constitution was limited in detailing the rights of the individual American, opting instead to primarily focus on establishing the rights and powers of an effective Federal Government.
Individual freedoms were initially governed by varying State Constitutions. Many Founding Fathers were skeptics over outlining individual rights in the U. Before understanding the Bill of Rights and the freedoms it exhibits, one must acknowledge its origins and the modification required for its inception.
Following the Revolutionary War, the United States created the Articles of Confederation, which legally established America as a sovereign nation. Created in November ofthe Articles of Confederation was essentially the framework upon which the United States and its Federal Government was built.
During this time of transition, the Founding Fathers constantly tweaked the Constitution. The ratification process ultimately lasted fifteen years; the critical argument responsible for extending the renovation revolved around the relationship between the Federal Government, the State governments, and the individual American.
A true equilibrium was never reached and the Articles of Confederation failed at establishing a harmonic relationship between the Federal and State governments. State representatives and the Founding Fathers decided to overhaul the Articles, and instead adopt a Constitution in The Constitution aimed to question the traditional institutions displaced by a monarchy and quell the disputes between the Federal and State governments.
State leaders believed that the powers given to the Government were imbalanced; the Constitution would open itself to tyranny and a subsequent revolt by the citizens would take place.
To alleviate the tension imposed, an establishment of individual rights was greatly needed. On September 25,during the first Congressional meeting in United States history, the rights for the American citizen were officially introduced.
Led by James Madison, the original rights outlined in were unanimously passed in under the Bill of Rights. The initial proposal included 12 Amendments, or rights, for the individual American, but was later contracted to ten in The Bill of Rights unequivocally distributed rights to the American individual.
Congress or the Federal Government cannot supersede the freedoms outlined in the first 10 Amendments. The individual freedoms detailed in the Bill of Rights are summarized below for clarity purposes: Congress will not prohibit the free exercise of religion or make a law on the establishment of a dominant practice.
An individual also has a freedom of speech which also extends to the press. Perhaps the most controversial of Amendments. An individual or militia has the right to bear arms debate exists over the 2nd Amendment because of the violent nature of firearms.
Protection of quartering troops. Protection from search and seizure. An individual will not be subject to random searches of private property by Government agents unless a warrant or reasonable cause is produced.
Outlines the due process of law.
In a criminal case, a person shall not be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of liberty, life, or property. All individuals will be afforded the right to a fair, speedy, and public trial by an impartial jury.
All individuals will also be afforded the right to a lawyer or legal assistance for defense. Common lawsuits or civil matters will also be presided by a jury or court.
Excessive bail or cruel and unusual punishment is prohibited. Outlines a series of rights not specifically listed in the Constitution. Balances out the governing power between states and the Federal Government.
Outlines the powers of states and people and awards governing rights to jurisdictions. Individualism and the prospect of a free nation were the fundamental points for which the Bill of Rights was created.
The Bill of Rights outlined freedoms given to individual Americans on a Federal level, but was strongly influenced by pre-written Constitutions of varying states. Although influenced by State governments, the Bill of Rights applies specifically to the Federal Government.
Madison and other leaders attempted to modify the Amendments so they could limit the power of State governments, but this proposal was rejected by Congress, therefore solely appointing the Bill of Rights as a Federal guideline.
In order for the Constitution and the subsequent Bill of Rights to be ratified, three quarters or majority of the states had to approve.
The timeline varies in regards to the individual State ratification of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, but over the 15 years or so of deliberation and construction, a majority was eventually reached. When the states approved such legislation the power between the Federal Government, State governments, and individual American were finally rendered succinct.The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme law of the United States.
The Constitution of the United States of America. On this site, constitutional experts interact with each other to explore the Constitution’s history and what it means today. United States Constitution Constitution An Introduction & Overview to the US Constitution To view this PDF as a projectable presentation, save the file, click “View” in the top –Bill of Rights.
Why was it written?
•After the Revolutionary War, the Articles of. The United States Bill of Rights plays a central role in American law and government, and remains a fundamental symbol of the freedoms and culture of the nation. One of the original fourteen copies of the U.S. Bill of Rights is on.
The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme law of the United States. Empowered with the sovereign authority of the people by the framers and the consent of the legislatures of.
The U.S. Constitution: An Overview. An article from the New Book of Knowledge discusses the history of the United States Constitution, including the ratification and amending of the document.
Grades. The issue of a bill of rights was proposed at once, and the new government began following constitutional procedures to change, or .