Email By some estimates, 80 percent of all processed foods -- cereals, baby formula, canned soups and more -- contain at least one GMO, or Genetically Modified Organism. But whether GMOs are safe and whether they should be listed on the label has led to a very big food fight. Our Cover Story is from Barry Petersen: His papayas, like almost all those now grown on the Big Island, are GMOs -- genetically-modified organisms.
Statement of Task An ad hoc committee will plan and convene a public workshop to explore the public interfaces between scientists and citizens e. The workshop discussions will explore the empirical findings from social science disciplines on market dynamics, public opinion, attitudes, and decision-making in the US and abroad.
Ethical, legal, and other societal value systems of scientists and decision-making audiences that underlie public debates about genetic engineering, and what is known about successful models of engagement given those values will also be discussed.
Finally, the workshop will delve into the science information needs of decision-makers, and potential collaborative mechanisms that facilitate access to and evaluation of scientific evidence about GE organisms for decision-making purposes.
Some of the questions addressed at the workshop include: What values or value systems influence the attitudes of scientists and publics towards genetically engineered organisms? How can scientists and science policy-makers enter into dialogue with the public on issues related to genetically engineered organisms in ways that build trust?
What is the appropriate and realistic role of science in informing decisions related to genetically engineered organisms? What types and sources of information about genetically engineered organisms are useful and credible to citizens, given their diverse value systems?
How can scientific information about genetically engineered organisms be best presented for use by policy decision-makers?
How can non-scientists and consumers access and evaluate scientific studies about genetically engineered organisms in real time, to better inform their decisions?
He said that the characteristics of science and technology that lend themselves to becoming politicized and post-normal are high complexity, fast bench-to-bedside transitions, and ethical, legal, and social issues that are as important as the scientific capabilities.
Scheufele explained that the PILS Roundtable took on the issue of public engagement on GMOs because of an increasing awareness among natural scientists that many emerging technologies in the life sciences, like GMOs, affect society directly.
Scheufele defined public interfaces of GMOs as any connection of the science of GMOs with societal applications and political effects.
Hence, Scheufele outlined the goals of the workshop as investigating: William Hallman, of Rutgers University, then discussed his research on how consumers make decisions, particularly about GMOs. Finally, Roger Pielke Jr. In Session 2, three speakers discussed knowns, unknowns, and challenges related to public Page 3 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Public Engagement on Genetically Modified Organisms: When Science and Citizens Connect: The National Academies Press.
Stephen Palacios, of Added Value Cheskin, described market research that food industries use to evaluate public perceptions and why it matters. Food and science journalist Tamar Haspel, and independent science and health journalist, described the challenges of personal biases in science journalism and approaches to overcome them.
Jason Delborne, of North Carolina State University, described approaches to public engagement in ways that include publics with diverse perceptions, including opposing perceptions, of GMOs. Session 2 concluded with a panel discussion on the role of science and scientists in public initiatives to label genetically modified foods.
Workshop participants then separated into three breakout groups to discuss how lessons from the workshop apply to different societal conversations about GMOs, specifically transgenic corn and the monarch butterfly, the American chestnut, and genetically modified mosquitoes.
Summaries of the breakout sessions were shared and discussed in plenary session. The workshop concluded with a four-member reaction panel and a facilitated audience discussion about conceptual and practical take-homes from the workshop.
The workshop was attended by 90 persons, and another joined via webcast. On-line participants were encouraged to ask questions and contribute to discussions via Twitter at NASInterface.
It is organized by major themes. Written by rapporteurs, this publication is a factual summary of the presentations and discussions at the workshop. The organizing committee took no part in the writing of the summary.
The organizing committee extended invitations to a broad spectrum of individuals. This summary represents the views expressed by the individual workshop participants and so is not necessarily representative of all viewpoints. Nor do the views necessarily represent the organizing committee or the National Academy of Sciences.
In accordance with the policies of National Research Council, this document does not establish any conclusions or recommendations of the National Research Council; instead, it focuses on issues and ideas presented by the speakers and workshop participants.Jul 29, · John Handy displays a handful of GMO (genetically modified organism) Roundup Ready soybeans brought in by a farmer to the Demeter grain elevator October 9, in South Beloit, Illinois.
The elevator tests beans to determine if they are a GMO or non-GMO crop. An overview of the last 10 years of genetically engineered crop safety research By Community Manager April 05, The following is an abstract and conclusion of a study in the journal Critical Reviews in Biotechnology that looks at 10 years worth of safety research in genetically modified food and crops.
Still, in terms of the debate itself: "The GMO people were much better spoken." If Nye were in charge of drawing the line, he would draw it at combining ova and sperm in a lab, not at engineering. Plus gmo can be developed in an extreme environment and reduce timing of the harvest or increase the amount of production to solve food shortage.
Plus it is tolerant to cold, drought and salinity too. "With an ever-increasing global population, hunger in the developing world, and the health risks of pesticides, some experts view genetically modified food as a panacea," Jefferson explains. Genetically modified foods grow faster and larger than non-GMFs, and may be more resistant to pests, heat, cold, and drought.
Genetically modified food (GM food) have been a hot topic since the first discovery. Tinkering with how organisms are made may seem futuristic but most of us have consumed GMO without even knowing it.