The Mexica supplied the Tepaneca with warriors for their successful conquest campaigns in the region and received part of the tribute from the conquered city states. In this way, the political standing and economy of Tenochtitlan gradually grew. InAzcapotzalco initiated a war against the Acolhua of Texcoco and killed their ruler Ixtlilxochitl. Even though Ixtlilxochitl was married to Chimalpopoca's daughter, the Mexica ruler continued to support Tezozomoc.
The aim of this research is to show that even when the methods of research could seem similar use of informants, interpretation of pictographic codes, etc.
While the first were looking for proofs to show that indigenous were individuals who had to be colonized, the second were looking for evidences to show that they were part of a civilization with an important tradition.
During this period, European vessels sailed the seas around the world looking for new trade routes to develop and increase their power.
In the specific case of the Spanish Monarchy, the supposed inferiority of the pagan indios was the best pretext to justify their conquest.
These views about the inferiority of indigenous were applied subsequently to the mestizos, criollos and to all those who were born in the Indias Occidentales, during the Spanish colonial period. This article consists of two parts.
In the first one, we have tried to analyse some of the main political motives and literary motifs that served to justify the American indigenous colonization: Providentialism; legendary archetypes; moral, religious and physiognomic inferiority.
Therefore, we have selected significant passages belonging to important chronicles recorded by intellectuals representing three different ethnic and social groups of in the colonial territories: The aim of this article is to compare the indigenous descriptions done by Europeans and by locals in order to define the intention behind their imageries and to demonstrate that the struggle between colonizing and decolonizing intentions were born in America since the early colonial period.
Indigenous studied by Europeans During the Spanish colonization of the Indias, hundreds of explorers, emissaries and missionaries wrote about the indios physical features and social interactions.
These accounts tended to present unidimensional stereotypes of the indios. Providentialism as a factor of colonization In order to advocate for colonization, Spaniards chosen to describe indigenous as uncivilized beings, as instruments of the evil, whose malevolence needed to be eradicated by the pious Catholics priest and the brave Spanish conquerors.
Miniature of Moctezuma II. Stuart The support of Deity was an excellent excuse for colonizing the others; in fact, Christopher Columbus also tried to give a messianic touch to his expeditions. His discovery was legalized by the sense that God had intervened unmistakably and decisively in human history, once again in favour of sinful but chosen people like the Catholic Monarchs of Spain.
The great role of his heroic deed was similar to a crusade, since he was conquering a New Holy Land, even better, the new Terrestrial Paradise. With this intelligent comparison, Columbus attributed military and religious value to his expedition. In addition, he also pointed the economic benefits that his enterprise could bring to Spain: I urged your Highness to spend all the profit of this, my enterprise, on the conquest of Jerusalem.
And your Highness laughed. And said it would please you and even without that profit you would desire it . In the growing success of the conquest and colonization, a sense of religion, racial and cultural superiority became a mark of Spanish hegemony. The superiority of Catholicism in comparison to the indigenous idolatry, as we have demonstrated, was an important factor to justify colonization.
Catholics Spanish defined themselves as saviours who were helping those inferior indigenous to stop practicing idolatry and become good Christians.
According to Spanish, they were religiously superior that the indios, and their mission was to conquest them in order to rescue their souls.
Indigenous from America were introduced, to European readers, as monsters, cannibals, etc. In his text, the Italian relates historical events, as the conquest of Mexico and the discovery of the Pacific Ocean, but also devotes an important part of his account to portray the American landscape and the Native American, which are presented are fantastic beings, belonging to an extraordinary world, surrounded by fabulous creatures, etc.
The neighbouring district to Chiribichi is called Atata, and is remarkable for its salt ponds, as we have already said. While the Spaniards were exploring their banks, those who were looking towards the sea while their companions were playing games or resting, beheld an unrecognizable object floating on the waves.
It seemed to be a human head covered with hair and a thick beard, and with arms moving. I believe it was a Triton, on of those named by the fables of old, the trumpeters of Neptune . Those imageries of indigenous, described as fabulous beings, were probably part of the conquerors self-publicity to demonstrate their braveness in subjugating legendary creatures, but it was also a cultural substrate of what Europeans thought.
Monsters have always been present in literature of exploration as long as it has existed. The travel tales of Pliny, Aethicus, Marco Polo and Herodotus contain account of monsters, which represent a perception of alterity like a synonymous of atrocity. The implausible images that some of the chronicles did about the indios served to establish a Canon of American natives as individuals of different nature from European, and for that reason inferior.Although the Aztec put up a better fight than the Inca did, both empires eventually succumbed to Spanish military power and following that, European diseases began to run rampant in both empires, causing a great decrease in the populations.
Essay on The Incas and the Aztecs - The Incas and the Aztecs Before the Spanish and Portuguese "discovered" the New World, there were many groups of people already living in South and Central America.
Disease, resemblance to native prophecies, Spanish alliance with enemies of the Aztecs, and Spanish technological superiority were all factors that led to the downfall of the Aztec Empire.
The greatest military advantage possessed by . The empires’ economies were both agriculturally based with deities that related to it as well as both empires collected tribute, however; the Inca collected mostly labor to support the empire while the Aztec collected food and .
Discuss the European conquests of the Aztec and Incan Empires. Use 2 specific factors. Compare/Contrast Essay The Ancient Mayan, Aztec and Incan Empires While the ancient civilizations of the Mayan, The Conquest of the Aztec and Inca Empire Essay suffered starvation, and Almagro lost an eye fighting natives.
- 1) Explain and compare the conquest of the Inca and the Aztec empires. The Aztec were the most powerful political force in Mesoamerica. The Aztec .