First, you may notice your feet and hands getting bigger.
The development of human being is a continuous process from conception to death. Developmental psychology is concerned with the scientific understanding of age-related changes in experience and behaviour.
Although most developmental theories have been specifically concerned with children, the ultimate aim is to provide an account of development throughout the life span. Some developmental psychologists study developmental change covering the life span from conception to death.
By so doing, they attempt to give a complete picture of growth and decline. Among the different developmental psychologists, the views presented by Erickson and Havighurst appear to give a comprehensive picture of development of human individual from infancy to old age.
These views are presented here. Erik Erickson was a student of Sigmund Freud. He offered a modified Freudian view of development of personality identity through the life span. His theory presents a progression through eight psychosocial stages. At each stage there is a crisis and its resolution leads to development of a virtue.
Erickson differed from Freud however, in giving more emphasis to social and cultural forces of development. Erickson considered personality formation to be more malleable and to continue throughout life, to be influenced by friends the family and society.
The following are the stages of development: This period extends from birth to 18 months of age. Inevitably the child will experience moments of anxiety and rejection.
If the infant fails to get needed support and care, it develops mistrust which affects the personality in later stages of life. This stage ranges from 18 months to 3 years. By second year of life, the muscular and nervous systems have developed markedly, and the child is eager to acquire new skills, is no longer content to sit and watch.
The child moves around and examines its environment, but judgement develops more slowly. The child needs guidance. In an extremely permissive environment, the child encounters difficulties that it cannot handle, and the child develops doubt about its abilities.
Similarly if the control is severe, the child feels worthless and shameful of being capable of so little.
This stage extends from years. Once a sense of independence has been established, the child wants to tryout various possibilities. Otherwise the child develops feelings of guilt.
This period ranges from years. During this period the child develops greater attention span, needs less sleep, and gains rapidly in strength; therefore, the child can expend much more effort in acquiring skills, and needs accomplishment, regardless of ability.
The child aims to develop a feeling of competence, rather than inability. The success in this endeavour leads to further industrious behaviour, failure results in development of feelings of inferiority.
Hence, the caretakers should guide the child to take up appropriate tasks.Since all kids go through five stages of puberty, you’ll continue to see older teenagers mature. Even during the high school years, you’ll notice teenagers maturing at different rates.
This is normal, even if teenagers don’t feel like it is. Erikson’s () theory of psychosocial development has eight distinct stages, taking in five stages up to the age of 18 years and three further stages beyond, well into adulthood.
Like Freud and many others, Erik Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order, and builds upon each previous stage. Each period of time differs from each other, but it is almost the same at a given age.
Young age, period of growing up, during the space of years i It looks like you've lost connection to our server. Hence, the caretakers should guide the child to take up appropriate tasks. 5.
Adolescence: This is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood which extends from years. During this period the individual attains puberty leading to many changes. Adolescence (from Latin adolescere, meaning 'to grow up') is a transitional stage of physical and psychological development that generally occurs during the .
Purpose. To introduce students to the stages of human growth and development that take place during infancy and early childhood. Context. This lesson is the first of a two-part series aimed at introducing students to the different stages of physical growth and development in human beings from birth to 18 years .