Three Klans First KKK The first Klan was founded in Pulaski, Tennesseesometime between December and August by six former officers of the Confederate army  as a fraternal social club inspired at least in part by the then largely defunct Sons of Malta. It borrowed parts of the initiation ceremony from that group, with the same purpose: The manual of rituals was printed by Laps D. The members had conjured up a veritable Frankenstein.
It borrowed parts of the initiation ceremony from that group, with the same purpose: The manual of rituals was printed by Laps D. The members had conjured up a veritable Frankenstein.
For example, Confederate veteran John W.
Morton founded a chapter in Nashville, Tennessee. In andthe federal government passed the Enforcement Actswhich were intended to prosecute and suppress Klan crimes. It seriously weakened the black political establishment through its use of assassinations and threats of violence; it drove some people out of politics.
On the other hand, it caused a sharp backlash, with passage of federal laws that historian Eric Foner says were a success in terms of "restoring order, reinvigorating the morale of Southern Republicans, and enabling blacks to exercise their rights as citizens".
Rable argues that the Klan was a political failure and therefore was discarded by the Democratic leaders of the South. More fundamentally, it declined because it failed to achieve its central objective — the overthrow of Republican state governments in the South.
They were described as acting as the military arm of the Democratic Party and are attributed with helping white Democrats regain control of state legislatures throughout the South.
Second KKK See also: While Simmons relied on documents from the original Klan and memories of some surviving elders, the revived Klan was based significantly on the wildly popular film, The Birth of a Nation.
The earlier Klan had not worn the white costumes or burned crosses; these were aspects introduced in the film. When the film was shown in Atlanta in December of that year, Simmons and his new klansmen paraded to the theater in robes and pointed hoods — many on robed horses — just like in the movie.
These mass parades would become another hallmark of the new Klan that had not existed in the original Reconstruction-era organization. The national headquarters made its profit through a monopoly of costume sales, while the organizers were paid through initiation fees.
It grew rapidly nationwide at a time of prosperity. Reflecting the social tensions pitting urban versus rural America, it spread to every state and was prominent in many cities. The second KKK preached "One Hundred Percent Americanism" and demanded the purification of politics, calling for strict morality and better enforcement of Prohibition.
Its official rhetoric focused on the threat of the Catholic Churchusing anti-Catholicism and nativism.
During the resurgence of the second Klan during the s, its publicity was handled by the Southern Publicity Association —within the first six months of the Associations national recruitment campaign, Klan membership had increased by 85, Internal divisions, criminal behavior by leaders, and external opposition brought about a collapse in membership, which had dropped to about 30, by “Arkansas,” its leading newspaper once lamented, “has too much politics.” But while the state has seen plenty of noisy contention, healthy two-party competition has occurred only fitfully throughout its history.
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The Ku Klux Klan (pronounced / ˈ k uː ˈ k l ʌ k s ˈ k l æ n, ˈ k j uː /), commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan, is three distinct movements in the United States that have advocated extremist reactionary positions such as white supremacy, white nationalism, anti-immigration and—especially in later iterations—Nordicism, anti-Catholicism and antisemitism.
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*Finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award for Criticism* *A Publishers Weekly Top 10 Literary Criticism and Essays Pick for Spring * The Grey Album. The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) - The Ku Klux Klan is the organisation in USA that has been torturing and harrasing The Black people living in America since they entered America as workers.