Could Jupiter become a star?
More empirically oriented research was subsequently conducted by Williams H. Rivers — who attempted to measure the intelligence and sensory acuity of indigenous people residing in the Torres Straits area, located between Australia and New Guinea.
They emphasized the enormous cultural variability of many psychological phenomena thereby challenging psychologists to prove the cross-cultural validity of their favorite theories. This can be considered pseudoetic work because various cultures have their own concepts for intelligence.
Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory is not only the springboard for one of the most active research traditions in cross-cultural psychology, but is also cited extensively in the management literature. His initial work found that cultures differ on four dimensions: Indeed, the individualism-collectivism debate has itself proven to Research paper on jupiter problematic, with Sinha and Tripathi arguing that strong individualistic and collectivistic orientations may coexist in the same culture they discuss India in this connection.
Gerstein,  Roy Moodley,   and Paul Pedersen   have applied principles of cross-cultural psychology to psychotherapy and counseling. Additionally, the book by Uwe P. Draguns, and Jefferson M.
Fish titled "Principles of Multicultural Counseling and Therapy" contains numerous chapters on the application of culture in counseling.
Varrga are all listed in this book in the chapter titled "Group Therapy with Mexican American and Mexican Adolescents: Focus on Culture as working with Latinos in their way of therapy that is known to be "culturally sensitive". The countries listed included: Coleman, and Jennifer J. Lindwall propose a way to incorporate cultural components Research paper on jupiter school counseling programs.
Specifically, they emphasize the necessity of the counselor's having multicultural competence and the ability to apply this knowledge when working with persons of varying ethnic backgrounds.
In response to this questions, cross-cultural psychologists have often questioned how to compare traits across cultures. To examine this question, lexical studies measuring personality factors using trait adjectives from various languages have been conducted.
Therefore, it is difficult to determine whether these traits are nonexistent in certain cultures or whether different sets of adjectives must be used to measure them. However, many researches believe that the FFM is a universal structure and can be used within cross-cultural research and research studies in general.
However, other cultures may include even more significant traits that go beyond those traits included in the FFM. In the field of cross-cultural psychology, Paul Ekman has conducted research examining judgments in facial expression cross-culturally.
One of his studies included participants from ten different cultures who were required to indicate emotions and the intensity of each emotion based upon picture of persons expressing various emotions.
The results of the study showed that there was agreement across cultures as to which emotions were the most and second most intense.
Nevertheless, it is also important to note that in the study there were differences in the way in which participants across cultures rated emotion intensity. They found that the Chinese participants were not as skilled as the American participants at perceiving the universal emotional expressions of people coming from a culture different than their own.
Also, because every culture has different values and norms, it is important to analyze those differences in order to gain a better understanding as to why certain emotions are either interpreted differently or not at all.
For example, as Huang et al. This important information may be critical in recognizing the cross-cultural difference between Asian and American judgments of the universal emotional expressions.
For example, Brazilians have been shown in studies to find positive emotions very desirable whereas the Chinese did not score as highly on the desire for positive emotions. It is difficult to identify a universal indicator as to how much subjective well-being individuals in different societies experience over a period of time.
Diener, Diener, and Diener,noted that individualist cultural members are found to be happier than collectivist cultural members.
One factor that may contribute to this debate is that nations that are economically stable may also contain various non-materialistic features such as a more stable democratic government, better enforcement of human rights, etc.
Therefore, it has yet to be determined whether a higher level of subjective well-being is linked to material affluence or whether it is shaped by other features that wealthy societies often possess and that may serve as intermediate links between affluence and well-being.
Specifically, the paper examines aging-related differences in wise reasoning among the American and Japanese cultures. Participants' responses revealed that wisdom e. Furthermore, younger and middle-aged Japanese participants illustrated higher scores than Americans for resolving group conflicts.
The Japanese are motivated to maintain interpersonal harmony and avoid conflict, resolve conflict better, and are wiser earlier in their lives. Americans experience conflict gradually, which results in continuous learning about how to solve conflict and increased wisdom in their later years.
The current study supported the concept that varying cultures use different methods to resolve conflict.Feb 21, · In interstellar terms, Jupiter is a rather average gas giant.
It is mostly hydrogen, with about 25% helium and rare traces of other elements. The only solid surface is its core of metallic hydrogen, kept at the crushing pressure of leslutinsduphoenix.com: Tough SF. Jupiter has many moons, each with its own unique properties.
In all it has eight moons, which can be divided into two categories of the closes four moons and furthest four. The first group contains the satellites Metis, Adrastea, Amalthea and Thebe, which are anywhere from , km to , km away from Jupiter.
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