There are several aspects that need to be factored in such as where to get capital, how to attract and retain customers as well as the practices to follow.
After the restoration of democracy in the country, common people had access to political power and resources, and also brought the Nepali economy closer to the outside world and resulted in greater integration with global markets. The newly elected democratic government in opened space for private institutions and NGOs to embrace greater responsibility for development, local governance reforms, decentralization, and economic reforms in order to eliminate the deep-rooted social inequalities, insecurity, corruption, discrimination and a crisis of governance in the country[2,3].
After parliamentary democracy was restored in Nepal, the state government changed the funding regulationsfor NGOs, and they were recognized as an important institutional actor for mobilizing community assets, motivating people, and implementing social welfare programs effectively at grass-roots level.
As a result, the number of registered NGOs skyrocketed in Nepal. Moreover, NGOs are encouraged to work in underprivileged groups and communities, especially in isolated and remote areas.
Such governmental strategy and provision broadens the working space of NGOs particularly in resource mobilization, social mobilization, awareness, skill development and rehabilitation[8,10].
Given a situation of faster growing number of social organizations in Nepal, all sources admit that both NGOs and INGOs are genuinely dedicated to improving the social welfare of their target populations and establishing good governance[1,8].
The success and failure of NGOs is linked to good governance as their roles and responsibilities are greatly affected by financial and technical capacity, management capacity, commitment, political and socio-cultural dimensions. The chronic rural poverty is persistent among the mountainous dwellers as it is inextricably linked to lack of accessibility.
People living in the mountain ecology have less access to social services, markets, education, health, energy and other economic activities. Therefore, the main objective of this paper was to investigate the impact of NGOs in Tangting, one of the remote and underprivileged communities in the trans-Himalayan region, Nepal.
The study draws data collected through rural household surveys and key informant interviews in the village. Research Methodology Study site: The Gurungs are the predominant ethnic group living in the Annapurna region.
Altogether there are households in the village with more than 1, inhabitants. A reasonable and efficient research strategy for differentiating impacts of NGOs on rural livelihoods will be to compare the living conditions or standard before and after the involvement of NGOs with respect to activities that have important implications on livelihood activities including social services, health, education, household incomes, resource use behavior and resource extraction technologies.
The data and information quoted in this paper is mainly based on the lifetime experience of one of the authors, who have been living in the studied area for more than 30 years.
Additional data were also collected through a field survey by employing in-depth household questionnaire interviews and key informant interview.
In-depth household interviews were carried out by employing a self-administered questionnaire survey to evaluate the efficacy of the relationship between rural livelihoods and NGOs.
Questionnaires were prepared in Nepali language, however, the Gurung language was used to ask the questions. In most of the cases, the questionnaire was asked to the household heads which were mostly male. The questionnaire consisted of four parts: Similarly, elicited detailed qualitative data about rural livelihood experiences were also collected through informal, loosely structured, and open-ended interviews.
A total of 10 key informants were selected from a range of categories in order to represent the broad interests and perspectives in studied communities.
The interviewed key informants were: Livelihood Strategies in Tangtingbefore the Involvement of NGOs Predominantly, agriculture was the main source of subsistence, often supplemented by animal husbandry and other livelihood activities including hunting, bee keeping, fishing, alcohol production, weaving clothes and sacks from the wild nettle plant, and weaving various bamboo products, such as wooden threshers, mats, baskets and so on.Role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in rural development was analyzed through a study conducted on six NGOs in Rivers State.
Major rural development programmes of the NGOs are. I'm referring to participants in this case as Development NGOs, civil society generally and other institutions, as well as 'classes' of individuals such as academics, corporates and Development 'professionals' and volunteers.
Following a critique of this approach to NGOs, civil society and democracy, the paper argues that the role of NGOs in the politics of development is far more complex than much of the NGO literature would suggest, and calls for a more contextualized and less value-laden approach to the understanding of the political role of NGOs.
NGOs and Rural Poverty Alleviation, which places the case studies in a broader discussion of the role and characteristics of NGOs, and what is assumed to be . The smooth functioning of NGOs depends upon the availability of resources i.e.
human resources, funds, infrastructural support, expertise in the area of rural development, leadership skills etc. A thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of NGOs on grassroots rural development in Samoa makes this research and its findings Figure 4: Investing in local community economies: the role of local NGOs and local institutions.
33 Figure 5: Conceptual Framework: Locally Driven Development vs. Externally.