Rand first made her name as a novelist, publishing We the LivingThe Fountainheadand her magnum opus Atlas Shrugged
They were cut down in a hail of gunfire in a half-cellar room of the house in Ekaterinburg, a city in the Ural mountain region, where they were being held prisoner. The daughters were finished off with bayonets.
To prevent a cult for the dead Tsar, the bodies were carted away to the countryside and hastily buried in a secret grave. Bolshevik authorities at first reported that the Romanov emperor had been shot after the discovery of a plot to liberate him.
For some time the deaths of the Empress and the children were kept secret. Soviet historians claimed for many years that local Bolsheviks had acted on their own in carrying out the killings, and that Lenin, founder of the Soviet state, had nothing to do with the crime.
InMoscow playwright and historian Edvard Radzinsky announced the result of his detailed investigation into the murders. He unearthed the reminiscences of Lenin's bodyguard, Alexei Akimov, who recounted how he personally delivered Lenin's execution order to the telegraph office.
The telegram was also signed by Soviet government chief Yakov Sverdlov.
Akimov had saved the original telegraph tape as a record of the secret order. Leon Trotsky -- one of Lenin's closest colleagues -- had revealed years earlier that Lenin and Sverdlov had together made the decision to put the Tsar and his family to death.
Recalling a conversation inTrotsky wrote: Speaking with Sverdlov, I asked in passing: I made no reply. Ilyich [Lenin] believed that we shouldn't leave the Whites a live banner to rally around, especially under the present difficult circumstances. Recent research and investigation by Radzinsky and others also corroborates the account provided years earlier by Robert Wilton, correspondent of the London Times in Russia for 17 years.
His account, The Last Days of the Romanovs - originally published inand reissued in by the Institute for Historical Review -- is based in large part on the findings of a detailed investigation carried out in by Nikolai Sokolov under the authority of "White" anti-Communist leader Alexander Kolchak.
Wilton's book remains one of the most accurate and complete accounts of the murder of Russia's imperial family. Accordingly, people are most interested in historical questions during times of crisis, when the future seems most uncertain.
With the collapse of Communist rule in the Soviet Union,and as Russians struggle to build a new order on the ruins of the old, historical issues have become very topical. For example, many ask: How did the Bolsheviks, a small movement guided by the teachings of German-Jewish social philosopher Karl Marx, succeed in taking control of Russia and imposing a cruel and despotic regime on its people?
In recent years, Jews around the world have been voicing anxious concern over the specter of anti-Semitism in the lands of the former Soviet Union.
In this new and uncertain era, we are told, suppressed feelings of hatred and rage against Jews are once again being expressed.
According to one public opinion survey conducted infor example, most Russians wanted all Jews to leave the country.
Why do so many Russians, Ukrainians, Lithuanians and others blame "the Jews" for so much misfortune? A Taboo Subject Although officially Jews have never made up more than five percent of the country's total population,5 they played a highly disproportionate and probably decisive role in the infant Bolshevik regime, effectively dominating the Soviet government during its early years.
Soviet historians, along with most of their colleagues in the West, for decades preferred to ignore this subject. The facts, though, cannot be denied.
With the notable exception of Lenin Vladimir Ulyanovmost of the leading Communists who took control of Russia in were Jews. Yakov Sverdlov Solomon was both the Bolshevik party's executive secretary and -- as chairman of the Central Executive Committee -- head of the Soviet government.
Grigori Zinoviev Radomyslsky headed the Communist International Cominternthe central agency for spreading revolution in foreign countries. He had little regard for his own countrymen. Two weeks prior to the Bolshevik "October Revolution" ofLenin convened a top secret meeting in St. Petersburg Petrograd at which the key leaders of the Bolshevik party's Central Committee made the fateful decision to seize power in a violent takeover.
Of the twelve persons who took part in this decisive gathering, there were four Russians including Leninone Georgian Stalinone Pole Dzerzhinskyand six Jews.
Winston Churchill, for one, warned in an article published in the February 8,issue of the London Illustrated Sunday Herald that Bolshevism is a "worldwide conspiracy for the overthrow of civilization and for the reconstitution of society on the basis of arrested development, of envious malevolence, and impossible equality.
It is certainly a very great one; it probably outweighs all others.revolution of At the turn of the twentieth century, Russia was a curious society, still stratified We Will Write A Custom Essay Sample On ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY.
It wasn't until the government and Duma officials came a an agreement accepted by the regime and the people that the revolution of came to an end. However, through all these issues it remains evident that the main cause of the Russian Revolution was caused by the repression and unrest of the peasants.
The year was the year of violence, murders, killings, and bloody in Russia. The year was also the year of the ‘revolution’ to some extent. The Tsar did not only face the ‘revolution’ that took place in Russia, but also the great defeat and shame of the Russo-Japanese War.
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Dzhugashvili and Bronstein. Joseph Stalin, born Dzhugashvili, and Leon Trotsky, born Bronstein, were the same age, and both had been from early youth members of the Russian Social Democratic party.
Most of the leading Communists who took control of Russia in were Jews. How did the Bolsheviks, a small movement guided by the teachings of German-Jewish social philosopher Karl Marx, succeed in taking control of Russia and imposing a cruel and despotic regime on its people? In the night of July , , a squad of Bolshevik secret police murdered Russia's last emperor, Tsar Nicholas II, along with his wife, Tsaritsa Alexandra, their 14 .