Goals and principles[ edit ] A primary health care worker in Saudi Arabia, The ultimate goal of primary healthcare is the attainment of better health services for all. Behind these elements lies a series of basic principles identified in the Alma Ata Declaration that should be formulated in national policies in order to launch and sustain PHC as part of a comprehensive health system and in coordination with other sectors:
Such activities reflect the political commitment towards strengthening PHC. The aim was to deliver proper health care to all people of Oman where they live, even if they live in remote areas.
This period was characterized with the establishment of new health care programs; namely Maternal and Child health Care Program and Program for control of Acute Respiratory Infections Table 2. The Directorates General of Health Services were established in in the regions of the sultanate.
This had called for decentralization of health services and had speeded up its development as well the development of local resources capable of decision making. In the fourth Five-Year Health Development Plan was developed extending control activities to a number of health problems and risk groups.
There were 23 national health programs directed towards identified priority health problems. They have covered together all essential elements of PHC. In addition the fourth plan had considered further expansions in the health services.
The document was divided into five main chapters: Primary health care Programs, norms for PHC activities, detailed strategies for PHC, detailed responsibilities of the health center and existing health system, and the methods for monitoring and evaluation and health indicators.
Further promotion of PHC called for the integration of curative and preventive care. This took place in All public health units were functionally related to the health centers. The Wilayat is the most peripheral unit and the closet to the community. This would allow the identification of the local needs and the proper management of the local resources.
Inthe office for health services at the wilayat level was established. It had promoted a number of essentials for PHC: By early all team members were subjected to training, these accounted for health workers.
In addition there were 77 senior health workers who were trained to be trainers for such technique at the national level. The objective of the program was to identify and manage challenges that face implementing all strategies of PHC especially as regard health management, human and financial resources, the quality of services and activities directed to the community, community participation and as well the inter-sectoral collaboration among health related sectors.
The Fifth Five-Year Health development Plan was also concerned with further development and renovations of health institutions.
They allow provide PHC services to all people of Oman. The decentralization of health services was emphasized by the development of regional health plans as part of the fifth Plan. They were prepared based on identification of health problems specific for each particular region.
Also the objectives and the strategies considered the specificity of each health region. The MOH plans to repeat the later experience during the sixth Five-Year Health Development Plan to develop regional plans and to extend it to develop Wilayat plans. It is considered as the most ideal and scientific strategy to coordinate activities of MOH with other sectors related to health and with the local communities within an effective health system capable of providing people with their health needs.
Accordingly central committees were established in ; they are: Functions of the committee: Identify policies to increase community participation in health services provision. Co-ordinate efforts of different sectors including international organizations in the Sultanate to insure optimum utilization of community contributions to provide health services.
Provide yearly work plans for community support groups.Vision: “A Nation with the Best Health” Mission. i. To provide quality healthcare services in both traditional and modern medicines.
ii. To prevent, control, eliminate and eradicate diseases. Primary Health Care Research & Development is aimed specifically at both researchers and practitioners in primary health care, bridging the gap between academic primary care and leslutinsduphoenix.com provides a forum for the publication of international, interdisciplinary research and development in primary health care.
The Alma-Ata Declaration of emerged as a major milestone of the twentieth century in the field of public health, and it identified primary health care as the key to the attainment of the goal of Health for All.
The following are excerpts from the Declaration: The Conference strongly reaffirms. The Alma-Ata Declaration of emerged as a major milestone of the twentieth century in the field of public health, and it identified primary health care as the key to the attainment of the goal of Health for All.
The following are excerpts from the Declaration: The Conference strongly reaffirms. The “National Primary Health Care Committee” was established in with the objective to further promote PHC. The committee made a recommendation to launch a comprehensive “Child Care Plan” in and was further developed to the “National Woman and Child Care Plan (NWCCP)” in Author contributions.
MB and GH worked together to produce the section from the Department of Health. MJM and DD jointly prepared the section from the Public Health Association of Australia, with each making a drafting and proofing contribution after joint planning and discussion.