Though written more than 2, years ago, it offers the modern reader many valuable insights into human needs and conduct. Among its most outstanding features are Aristotle's insistence that there are no known absolute moral standards and that any ethical theory must be based in part on an understanding of psychology and firmly grounded in the realities of human nature and daily life. In addition, the book vividly reflects Aristotle's achievements in other areas of philosophy and is a good example of his analytical method, which must be considered the ultimate basis of all modern scientific research. People have not changed significantly in the many years since Aristotle first lectured on ethics at the Lyceum in Athens.
Book I Summary Our account of this science will be adequate if it achieves such clarity as the subject-matter allows. See Important Quotations Explained Every human activity aims at some end that we consider good.
The highest ends are ends in themselves, while subordinate ends may only be means to higher ends. Those highest ends, which we pursue for their own sake, must be the supreme Good.
The study of the Good is part of political science, because politics concerns itself with securing the highest ends for human life. Politics is not a precise science, since what is best for one person may not be best for another. Consequently, we can aim at only a rough outline of the Good.
Everyone agrees that the supreme Good is happiness, but people disagree over what constitutes happiness. Common people equate happiness with sensual pleasure: Others say that receiving honors is the greatest good, but honors are conferred as recognition of goodness, so there must be a greater good that these honors reward.
Even if there were a single unifying Form of Good, our interest is in the practical question of how to be good, so we should concern ourselves not with this abstract concept but with the practical ends we can actually pursue in everyday life.
Happiness is the highest good because we choose happiness as an end sufficient in itself. Even intelligence and virtue are not good only in themselves, but good also because they make us happy. For instance, a person who plays the flute well is a good flutist.
The distinctive activity of humans generally—what distinguishes us from plants and animals—is our rationality.
Building on the strengths of the first edition, the second edition of the Irwin Nicomachean Ethics features a revised translation (with little editorial intervention), expanded notes (including a summary of the argument of each chapter), an expanded Introduction, and a revised glossary. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Nicomachean Ethics Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Nicomachean Ethics Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays.
Therefore, the supreme Good should be an activity of the rational soul in accordance with virtue. This definition aligns with popular views of happiness, which see the happy person as virtuous, rational, and active. However, a good person will always behave in a virtuous manner.
Even faced with great misfortune, a good person will bear himself or herself well and will not descend into mean-spiritedness.
Once a person has died, according to Aristotle, posthumous honors or dishonors and the behavior of his descendants might affect his happiness somewhat, but to no great extent.Building on the strengths of the first edition, the second edition of the Irwin Nicomachean Ethics features a revised translation (with little editorial intervention), expanded notes (including a summary of the argument of each chapter), an expanded Introduction, and a revised glossary.
The Nicomachean Ethics is widely considered one of the most important historical philosophical works, and had an important impact upon the European Middle Ages, becoming one of the core works of medieval philosophy.
Nicomachean Ethics (Annotated) and millions of other books are available for Amazon Kindle. Learn more Enter your mobile number or email address below Reviews: A. Introduction B. Impacting moral and character development C.
Three exemplary programs D. Summary and conclusions E. References Introduction.
As previously stated in the section related to desired student outcomes (Huitt, a), in my opinion there are three major issues in the education of young people today.
The first is the development of a vision for one's life that includes the. The Nicomachean Ethics (/ ˌ n ɪ k oʊ ˈ m æ k i ə n /; Ancient Greek: Ἠθικὰ Νικομάχεια) is the name normally given to Aristotle's best-known work on leslutinsduphoenix.com work, which plays a pre-eminent role in defining Aristotelian ethics, consists of ten books, originally separate scrolls, and is understood to be based on notes from his lectures at the Lyceum.
Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, part of the Internet Classics Archive.